Everything You Need To Know About Bunions

What are Bunions?

"Bunions", otherwise known as Hallux valgus, is when the big toe bends in a particular angle towards the second toe. This bending means the first metatarsal displaces medially towards the inline of the body and the proximal phalanx towards your second toe, therefore results in the bumpy bony appearance commonly seen on feet.  

What causes Bunions?

Rumour has it, it’s the shoes! But is it? There is truth that the long-term inappropriate shoes do contribute to the movement and displacement of the joint, but most often it is inherited along the family line. Other factors can include:

  • Foot injury.
  • Systemic conditions like diabetes, arthritis and flat feet.
  • Activities that place high pressure on that joint and loose joints.

Bunion conservative treatment/ Bunion surgery

Conservative treatments can include things like:

  • Pads and cushions.
  • Night splints.
  • Toe exercises.
  • Orthotics.
  • Pain relief medication.

Conservative treatments help manage the bunion and reduce pain. Surgery is usually left for chronic cases where conservative treatments are ineffective and the joint it self needs to be corrected. Post-surgery clients will be off their feet for 6 weeks.

The best shoes to wear when you have bunions are those with a very soft material - like soft leathers or suedes, the more they stretch, the better. It is also ideal to purchase shoes that are wide fitting and accommodate space for the bunion. If the bunion feels snug and tight, it’s best to try something wider. Try and wear a shoe that is supportive across the mid foot and arch. Laces or straps can also help with support!